Thursday, September 3, 2020
Nostradamus Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In the sixteenth century, a French specialist and prophet, Michel de Nostradame, was conceived. He picked up his acclaim when his forecasts of the passing of King Henry II of France worked out. Nostradamus, as he is additionally known, composed a ten volume book, The Centuries, loaded up with predictions. He turned into a man that individuals from everywhere throughout the world came to see to look for his direction. Nostradamus had an actual existence loaded up with numerous exciting bends in the road and has made numerous predictions that have worked out as expected during the twentieth century. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã His granddads were the principal individuals to see his presentation of ability for prediction when Nostradamus was youthful. His granddads showed him a wide scope of subjects: old style writing, history, medication, soothsaying, and home grown people medication. At fourteen years old, he went to concentrate in the city of Avignon. In 1522, at nineteen years old, he took a crack at the University of Montpellier as a clinical understudy. After just three years, he passed the oral and composed assessments for his degree (Hogue 12-5). Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã With his medication permit in his grasp, Nostradamus went to rehearse in the open country, far away from his teachers. During the 1500Ã¢â¬â¢s, Southern France experienced an incessant type of the bubonic plague. Nostradamus began going to torment stricken families to attempt to support the wiped out. He finished the plague Southern France and he never left a town until everybody wiped out was well (Hogue 15). Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Nostradamus was likewise an ace crystal gazer who considered the developments of the stars and planets comparable to one another. He accepted his endowment of sight had Ã¢â¬Å"divine intervention.Ã¢â¬ He was searched out by affluent residents to disclose to them their horoscopes Ã¢â¬Å"and by their spouses for his recommendation on cosmetics.Ã¢â¬ (Hogue 15). He composed a book on the specialists and drug specialists he met all through his movements in Southern Europe. He would remain with some of them during the day helping them mend the debilitated. Around evening time, he turned into their student. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In 1529, Nostradamus came back to Montpellier for his doctorate qualification. After this he chose to set up a progressively lasting practice in 1534 in Toulouse. He at that point chose to move to the town of Agen. He before long turned into the town of AgenÃ¢â¬â¢s most qualified unhitched male. In Agen, he wedded and had two youngsters, a kid and a young lady. It was ... ...re cash without having any gold and silver to back it up. Some vibe this has been satisfied and perhaps will be satisfied again later on. (Hogue 149.) Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã November 22, 1963. The death of John Fitzgerald Kennedy (JFK) in Dallas, Texas. Nostradamus not just observed the passing of a man who could have been AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s most noteworthy pioneer, however he likewise observed occasions and individuals that nobody today is sure of, the executioners. He gives indicates that JFK was to be an incredible president. One quatrain portrays Kennedy as a two term president. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Nostradamus drove an extremely intriguing life. I for one accept that he was a magnificent man and could truly observe into what's to come. Peruse his quatrains and you also will be persuaded that this man anticipated even a portion of the occasions that have happened in mine and your lifetimes, during the twentieth century. 6 Works Cited Hogue, John. Nostradamus and the Millennium. New York: Doubleday and Company, Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Inc., 1987. Roberts, Henry C. The Complete Prophecies of Nostradamus. New York: Nostradamus, Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Inc., 1979. Ã Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢
Meeting with the DIY Author Podcast Meeting with the DIY Author Podcast Our prime supporter Ricardo was met by Chris Well from the phenomenal DIY Author Podcast on the advantages of Reedsy to discover independent assistance and our up and coming highlights. Here are some cool highlights!Chris: How did the thought for Reedsy come about?Ricardo: The thought for Reedsy comes basically from my prime supporter Emmanuel and I on the grounds that weÃ¢â¬â¢ve been following the business for some time and from the peruser point of view mostly weÃ¢â¬â¢ve truly delighted in the computerized interruption brought by Amazon, with being one of the principal adopters of Kindle in France, and we began pondering this disturbance from an authorÃ¢â¬â¢s viewpoint and weÃ¢â¬â¢ve found out about independently publishing, and our first idea was, Ã¢â¬Å"Self-publishingÃ¢â¬â¢s extraordinary yet how might you guarantee a similar quality in the books that are distributed without anyone else distributing authors?Ã¢â¬ And that quality was for the most part guaranteed by t he article work and the plan work and the work from all the individuals associated with a global distributing organization, and we thought letÃ¢â¬â¢s make a commercial center that carries this quality to self-publishing.Chris: You said there are different highlights that are being turned out later on, and notwithstanding engrave what else is going on at Reedsy?Ricardo: Well whatÃ¢â¬â¢s coming very soon and itÃ¢â¬â¢s extremely, energizing is fresh out of the box new writer profiles. Since every one of our consultants have been charmed by the structure and the way that they get all their data in a one-pager through their Reedsy profile. What's more, bunches of writers have approached us for something comparable so we are right now fabricating a one-pager for them where they can total all their data from Amazon Ã¢â¬ so the books they have on Amazon Ã¢â¬ all their data from Goodreads Ã¢â¬ so weÃ¢â¬â¢ll have a combination with Goodreads Ã¢â¬ and furthermore with all the custo mary blogging stages like WordPress, Blogger, Tumblr, so you can have your most recent blog entry additionally on your profile.Chris: For a writer tuning in, what might you say is the main explanation that a writer should come to Reedsy?Ricardo: I think the main explanation is a result of the fact that it is so natural to utilize, and in light of the confirmation that youÃ¢â¬â¢re going to get quality, essentially. So if youÃ¢â¬â¢re searching for any sort of administration, you realize that youÃ¢â¬â¢re going to locate the perfect individual on Reedsy on the grounds that we have made a procedure that permits you to locate the perfect individual from the absolute first time, and not experiencing four coordinated efforts with four distinct editors who donÃ¢â¬â¢t truly turn out to be actually as you wanted.Listen to the digital recording, or read the full transcript here!
Saturday, August 22, 2020
In the wake of seeing ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s first term and the different international strategy issues he has confronted, there are ways Obama has stayed faithful to his obligation and good ways from the Bush organization, however he has likewise proceeded with a few key parts of the Ã¢â¬Å"Bush Doctrine,Ã¢â¬ being not able to Ã¢â¬Ëwalk his discussion. Ã¢â¬â¢ I contend that on account of automaton use as a type of inevitable danger safeguard, Obama is utilizing legitimate barrier began by the Bush organization and proceeding to arm Unmanned Aerial VehicleÃ¢â¬â¢s (UAVÃ¢â¬â¢s) so as to take up arms against fear mongering. Be that as it may, the present president has moved away from BushÃ¢â¬â¢s dependence on unilateralism to fathom world clash, particularly in Libya. I will initially present the legitimateness of the utilization of automatons and how Obama has worked off Bush-time contentions, and afterward move to Libya and feature the present organizations push for multilateralism in a post-Bush world. So as to give a short guide of the paper to follow, IÃ¢â¬â¢ll give a short rundown of the important focuses. To begin with, I will talk about ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s continuation of BushÃ¢â¬â¢s utilization of automatons in war. The continuation depends on the lawful rule Bush made which empowered this utilization, a standard Obama has remained behind. Second, I will detail a disparity ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s organization took from BushÃ¢â¬â¢s strategies as multilateralist ways to deal with outside clash. The definition I have utilized for multilateralism is a crusade or mediation is a battle or intercession with shared duty among a few distinct gatherings or countries. On account of Bush, his strategy are viewed as progressively one-sided, or tasks drove significantly by just one gathering without submitted collaboration from different gatherings. There are a few instances of this all through the most recent four years, so I will concentrate on exclusively the Libyan intercession for curtness. At that point I will envelop everything with a short end. Building a case for ramble use in the War on Terror was a lot of a foundation of the 43rd President of the United States. During a discourse at West Point, Bush cautioned, Ã¢â¬Å"if we hang tight for dangers to completely emerge, we will have stood by excessively long. Ã¢â¬ (11) Beginning in 2004 as a major aspect of the Ã¢â¬Å"Bush Doctrine,Ã¢â¬ ramble strikes have been completed in Northwest Pakistan and zones of Yemen and Somalia as a way to confine American setbacks. 3) According to current CIA executive John Brennan: Ã¢â¬Å"They drastically diminish the risk to US faculty and to blameless regular citizens, particularly considered against gigantic arms that can cause injury and passing a long ways past the expected objective. Ã¢â¬ (9) Due to the disposal of hazard to human life rambles give, the quantity of automaton strikes has expanded exponentially since Obama got to work, taking off from a multi year aggregate of 44 out of five Bush a long time to 200 out of three years under Obama. (4) Using this safeguard as a military methodology, there is little contention ramble strikes can keep American warriors more secure. What took into account a genuine continuation of unmanned air strikes is the lawful point of reference that Bush had the option to build up and hand down to Obama. With late concern brought about by the automaton murdering of American-conceived pastor Anwar al-Awlaki, Congress has scrutinized ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s lawful guard. The strikes are shielded in two discussions, one strong and the other genuinely dark. In the occasion of focusing on Al-Qaeda, the shared condition of war with their association takes into account all employments of powers so as to crush foe warriors. The subsequent resistance originates from the up and coming danger part of universal self-preservation. As indicated by universal law, the United States is allowed to step in when it believes itself to be Ã¢â¬Å"under the prompt danger of foe assault. Ã¢â¬ (1) Considering the abstract force that is put in the hands of the CIA, fast approaching danger has drawn the most honed reactions. Venturing to ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s resistance on account of al-Awlaki was an amazing partner in John Yoo, the Bush organization legal advisor who wrote lawful updates for the war on dread, expressing Ã¢â¬Å"If an American joins a nemy with which we are at war, he is or she is a legitimate objective as a foe soldier. That has been the standard since our commencement. Ã¢â¬ (2) Even however the utilization of automaton strikes has been its generally disputable in the previous two months of ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s administration, it is a military procedure set up since the Bush organization. In spite of the likeness es between the 21st centuryÃ¢â¬â¢s initial two presidents, there are additionally some profound cracks between their ways to deal with remote tact. BushÃ¢â¬â¢s arrangements are generally seen as on a very basic level one-sided, particularly when you burrow past the outside of representative motion and search for the meaningful activities. From a similar discourse at West Point referenced before, Bush is cited, Ã¢â¬Å"we can't place our confidence in the expression of dictators, who gravely sign non-multiplication bargains, and afterward foundationally break themÃ¢â¬ ¦ (our security will require) a military that must be prepared to strike at a minutes notice in any dim corner of the world. (11) This doubt of countries other than his own depicts Bush in a manner that seems reluctant to bargain at an early stage in his administration, particularly in the 2003 Iraq War. The U. S. took on the most hazard and took care of the most expenses in what might generally be considered as a contention against unilateralism. The antecedent to this war was Afghanistan, another similarly disliked war during BushÃ¢â¬â¢s time. You could conten d that Bush sought after a multilateralist approach with this contention, revitalizing post-9/11 help from in excess of twelve partners. Be that as it may, what at first resembles a group way to deal with Afghanistan really flounders after two focuses. To begin with, you have the deplorability of the Twin Towers, a demonstration of psychological warfare which shook the whole western world enthusiastically. Coalitions were maintained with no kind of exertion from the Bush organization. Second, BushÃ¢â¬â¢s multilateralist approach was representative right off the bat however when push came to push, his organization depended on assuming control over business, particularly as duties from different countries started to blur with acceleration. The disagreeable open response to these wars in all likelihood affected Obama, who steadfastly restricted the Bush organizations dynamic in Iraq. Tending to the U. N. General Assembly in 2009, Mr. Obama asked, Ã¢â¬Å"Those who used to chasten America for acting alone on the planet can't presently hold on and trust that America will take care of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s issues alone. We have looked for in word and deed another period of commitment with the world, and right now is an ideal opportunity for us all to take a lot of duty regarding a worldwide reaction to worldwide difficulties. (13) An early pundit of BushÃ¢â¬â¢s brutish way to deal with outside issues, Obama discharged shots in 2008 during his battle: Ã¢â¬Å"instead of intense talk and no activity, we have to do what Kennedy, Nixon and Reagan did and utilize all components of American force Ã¢â¬ including extreme, principled, and direct tact. Ã¢â¬ (12) This multi-sidelong and helpful way to deal with remote relations is a push by the Obama organization to restore poor binds with countries basic to the United States strengthening its predominance. One of his first moves towards this was the Combined Task Force, amassed to battle robbery in the Gulf of Aden in August 2008. The US, Russia, France, China, Japan, and India met up to pivot order of an armada of 15 war vessels in the locale. (6) on this, the best present case of this takeoff from the Bush precept can be found in Libya, where the president has a made a strong duty to support global collaboration and make light of the United States as a solitary wolf. To start with, we sat tight for the Arab League to welcome us to make a move. At that point we got the U. N. Security Council to approve that activity. And afterward we demanded that the air war be attempted and told by NATO, not without anyone else. By winning understanding from NATO partners to expect order of the battle and making sure about an UN Security Council goals approving Ã¢â¬Å"all fundamental means,Ã¢â¬ Obama started the Libyan clash by solidifying worldwide authenticity and struggle sharing from a large number of its alliance individuals. (13) By Ã¢â¬Å"leading from behind,Ã¢â¬ the U. S. as ready to deliberately utilize its profoundly propelled military innovation so as to open the entryway for a to a great extent European suffocation of the Libyan adversaries. In summation, American Foreign Policy in the hands of Obama doesn't have the enormous makeover from the Bush Doctrine that Obama guaranteed during his crusade. While there are a couple of key changes, as pr ove with the lean towards multilateralism, there are as yet a few proceeding with Bush-period strategies inside his organization. With regards to the automaton strikes, Obama has apparently increase their use after many idea he would iscontinue them. There is additionally proof of proceeded with Bush strategies in Guantanamo Bay and his guarantees against Syria dependent on compound weapons utilization. In spite of these similitudes, Obama keeps up a 49% positive view from the world, while Bush left with just 28%. An intriguing following stage in the examination of Foreign Policy from Bush to Obama would investigate the distinctions in prominence between the two. I can just guess that Bush might be a little mad about his successorÃ¢â¬â¢s suffering worldwide agreeability. Works Cited 1. Byers, Dylan. Obamas Drones, Eisenhowers Poison. Ã Politico. N. p. , 29 Apr. 2013. Web. 2. Jackson, David. Bramble Lawyer Defends Obama on Drones. Ã USA Today. Gannett, 8 Mar. 2013. Web. 07 May 20 13. 3. Secret War on Terror the Datasets. Ã The Bureau of Investigative Journalism RSS. N. p. , 10 Aug. 2011. Web. 07 May 2013. 4. Clandestine War on Terror the Datasets. Ã The Bureau of Investigative Journalism RSS. N. p. , 3 Jan. 2013. Web. 07 May 2013. 5. Krauthammer, Charles. In Defense of Obamas Drone War. Ã Washingto
Friday, August 21, 2020
PC Hacker - Research Paper Example While some do this for the sake of entertainment and to fulfill their inner selves, others take part in PC hacking for benefit or for information purposes (Levy, 2010). In any case, in spite of the purposes behind participating in PC hacking, this training is viewed as neither completely great nor terrible, since this includes various negative results. The act of PC hacking has existed in the field of Information Technology since the previous scarcely any decades. PC hacking includes a significant level of knowledge and commitment. Programmers are along these lines, profoundly proficient in PC frameworks, yet in addition in the security frameworks, which individuals utilize to keep programmers out and to make sure about their frameworks (Thomas, 2002). So as to hack into frameworks, programmers are required to have inside and out information on the frameworks, and most along these lines, need to consider the specific frameworks they need to hack into. As per Sterling (1989), so as to assemble information, a few programmers go to meetings so as to find out about new methods and simpler methods of hacking into frameworks. In the wake of hacking a framework, programmers access all sort of data in the framework. They in this way, can utilize the data in whatever way they wish. They can download this data, to duplicate it to their PC, or even erase the data, among different orders. In any case, contingent upon the sort of framework jacked into, just as the sort of data that is gotten to, the activities of a PC programmer may bring about negative results, basing on how the person controls and uses the data got to. For example, if a programmer hacks into the arrangement of a phone organization, the person in question may make calling cards, and change telephone numbers, among others (Sterling, 1989). As observed, PC hacking is viewed as a type of... This paper affirms that the subject of PC hacking, and PC hacking and morals stay fundamental in the current IT age. Morals is an angle, which people create after some time; and morals includes great conduct, which are essentially planned for improving, and not hurting others. In the realm of PCs and innovation, morals has become a significant angle. In this light, some PC programmers, who hack for the sake of entertainment, have asserted that they hurt nobody by Ã¢â¬Å"just looking around,Ã¢â¬ and subsequently, their training ought to be viewed as moral, and nor criminal. This report puts forth an end that with all attempts of governments, PC hacking has not been dispensed with. Governments along these lines, need to grow increasingly viable methodologies, which may assist with controling PC hacking. So as to take care of the issue of PC hacking, youthful devotees keen on PCs and PC hacking ought to be instructed about morals and its significance. Likewise, these ought to be bolstered to build up a client network, rather than turning out to be segregated PC programmers. In any case, the act of PC hacking has been rising significantly in the previous years. The serious issue of PC hacking is that it encroaches on different peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s protection. All the more in this way, since innovation levels likewise continue rising consistently, the eventual fate of PC hacking appears to be brilliant, as PC programmers will learn and develop with the expanding innovation. Nonetheless, moral programmers will likewise utilize the cutting edge innovation to offer expanded framework security to associations. In any case, PC hacking influences all nations, thusly, it should be the aggregate obligation of nations to receive techniques that will assist with checking PC hacking.
Residential Windmill utilizing Bevel Gear Mechanism Presentation: CE1.1: In this profession scene, I will concentrate on one of the ventures which I have done while seeking after my college degree in Mechanical Engineering. This task helped me in understanding the working component of slant apparatuses and how sustainable assets can be utilized to create power. Foundation: CE 1.2: Wind vitality has been utilized for different purposes throughout the years. The idea of windmill was built up in the tenth century and has been improving from that point onward. The primary standard working of windmill is change of wind vitality to rotational vitality by methods for vanes called edges, which is then changed over into mechanical vitality with the assistance of angle gears. CE 1.3: The fundamental point of the task was to create multiple times the force than the genuine windmill (for example 4:1). It depends on the guideline of the force age in the genuine breeze plant. Another part of the venture was additionally utilizing the instruments of slope gears, orientation, shaft, and pulley to produce power from the genuine breeze plant. CE 1.4: The hierarchical structure of the venture is as per the following: CE 1.5: The accompanying exercises were fundamental to fruitful rivalry of the task: Being comparable to the time period given by the teacher. I needed to peruse books identified with slant apparatuses and windmill to comprehend the working system. Have conversations with venture director and colleague on the most proficient method to complete the work. Examine with lab specialists how to associate the angle gears with the poles. I proposed the structure of the windmill and completed the vital counts required. The undertaking documentation was finished alongside my colleague which introduced my finding and the outcomes to the task manager and the personnel. Individual Engineering Activity: CE 1.6 Chipping away at a venture is the most fascinating part where learning is exceptionally fundamental and critical in fruitful consummation of the undertaking. I previously moved toward my venture boss alongside my colleague to examine about the various thoughts. After cautious assessment, myself and my colleague chose to take a shot at something which helps in diminishing the contamination and working with sustainable assets. Which lead to taking a shot at power age of windmill with assistance of slant gears. CE 1.7 The underlying advance of the undertaking was to plan the model of the windmill and how to build up the association between the poles, apparatuses, engine, and batteries. The plan of the model was done utilizing AutoCAD programming. I took in the rudiments from Design of Machine Members subject and with the assistance of lab colleague comprehended the apparatuses basic for making the model. When our undertaking guide affirmed of the plan of windmill, the get together of parts was expected to get the working model of the proposed windmill. CE 1.8 When the parts were acquired for the finishing of windmill, my colleague and I had encountered trouble in building up an appropriate association, yet with the assistance of undertaking aide and lab professionals myself and my colleague had the option to get the riggings and the poles working. The windmill comprised of three vanes which were associated with an essential shaft and fan center point. This arrangement was then associated the apparatus and metal roller on the two its end. I at that point recommended that each pole be fixed to its separate dynamo utilizing gripper belts. The gripper belt associated between the poles and dynamo pulleys makes dynamo produce the electrical vitality. The force produced is put away in battery and utilized for household purposes. The following is the rundown of articles alongside the particulars which were a piece of the undertaking. S.No. Depiction PINION Rigging 1 Material C 45 Steel C 45 Steel 2 Cone Distance 18 mm 18 mm 3 Module 1 mm 1 mm 4 No. of Teeth 10 18 5 Face Width 6 mm 6 mm 6 Semi Cone Angle 29.05o 60.94o 7 Addendum 1 mm 1 mm 8 Dedendum 1.1236 1.1236 9 Pitch Circle Diameter 10 mm 28 mm 10 Tip Circle Diameter 11.74 mm 18.97 mm 11 Tip Angle 32.22o 64.11o 12 Root Angle 25.256o 57.126o 13 Addendum Angle 3.17o 3.17o 14 Dedendum Angle 3.814o 3.814o Table 1: Specifications CE 1.9: When the model was prepared, I completed scarcely any auxiliary examination utilizing ANSYS programming which our undertaking guide thought us. ANSYS was completed to consider the pressure, strain, and warmth dispersal because of steady turn of the slant gears. I found that all out distortion was the most extreme on the external edge of the riggings and least on the internal edge as significant powers followed up on the external edge because of the state of the angle gears at whatever point they came into contact. When the pressure examination was conveyed. Myself and my colleague completed the force created by the windmill utilizing the fundamental force condition. Ã =Ã¢ Density of air 1.28 kg/m3 A=Ã¢ Area of the Wind V2=Ã¢ Velocity of Air CE 1.10 Task Photos: CE 1.11 Coming up next are the determinations I could make: The venture myself and my colleague completes made a dazzling assignment in the field of utilizing inexhaustible wellspring of local windmill and to deliver the adequate vitality for the household reason. The undertaking additionally diminished the cost associated with building up a windmill. It additionally got the prerequisites set together by our task direct toward the start of the venture. The task doesn't create any hurtful ozone depleting substances which dirty the climate. Rundown CE 1.12 Myself and my colleague effectively finished the undertaking on the force age of Windmill utilizing Bevel riggings to create multiple times the force. This task helped me in understanding the working of incline apparatuses and how they are associated with shafts. Likewise, how to utilize inexhaustible assets to create power. CE 1.13 This undertaking helped me to improve my aptitudes recorded as a hard copy as a major aspect of the venture an itemized report was to be submitted clarifying our discoveries. I have likewise learned two new programming projects ANSYS and AutoCAD which prove to be useful later on. With consistent help and audit from our venture direct myself and my colleague had the option to improve relational abilities and effectively finished the necessary undertaking.
Thursday, June 11, 2020
Approach to Care of Cancer (Essay Sample) Content: Approach to Care of CancerNameInstitutionApproach to Care of CancerOverview of CancerOver the last few years, the mortality rate from cancer has been growing steadily making this disease among the leading causes of death both in the developed and the developing world. According to estimates, more than one million people are diagnosed with cancer every single year and half of that number ends up dead. According to experts, cancer is caused by the abnormal growth of cells that multiply uncontrollably and have the capability of attacking other tissues within the body. The blood and lymph systems are so far the recognized mechanisms through which the cancer cells are transferred to different body tissues. At the present, there are over one hundred types of cancer that have been documented. This paper takes a close examination on the approach to the care of cancer, which consists of diagnosis and staging, the complications of cancer, as well as the available modalities tha t can be used to reduce the physical and psychological effects of cancer and its treatment.Diagnosis and StagingJust like any other disease, the ability to provide optimal care for patients suffering from cancer depends on the offering of well-timed and precise prognosis. Equally important to this process is the staging of cancer. The staging process is critical to the effective treatment of cancer as the mode of treatment is formulated depending on the stage and the degree of the cancer. Identifying the symptoms is the first step towards an effective diagnosis of cancer, and this is immediately followed by the presentation of these symptoms. The procedure of diagnosing cancer in most cases begins with the presentation of symptoms. The moment that cancer is suspected, doctors use a wide range of methods to detect the disease and each of them varies depending on the type of cancer. Some of the available methods for that are used by doctors to detect cancer are CT scans, x-rays, bone scans among other methods. Even if a patient is determined to be suffering from cancer, doctors always use biopsy and tissue examination as the final diagnosis method. In the recent past, there have been emerging technologies that are being used by pathologists to determine the presence of cancer with positron emission tomography (PET) and F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) being the most common (DeVita, Rosenberg, 2001).Once the doctor has ascertained the presence of cancer in a certain cell, the next most important stage before treatment can commence is staging. Staging is the simplest way of ascertaining the level of cancer and its exact placement. Staging defines the severity of a personÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s cancer on the basis of the primary tumor, as well as on the level that the cancer has spread in the body. This is a critical stage since it makes it possible for doctors to create a prognosis, as well as to develop an ideal treatment modality for the patient. Comprehending the stage and ext ent of cancer is, therefore, one of the most important steps in the process of identifying clinical trials that are appropriate for individual patients. Although there are various methods of carrying out the staging process depending on individual patients, the main objective of the process is the same (DeVita, Rosenberg, 2001).There are four types that characterize cancer staging. The first is clinical staging, which determines the amount of cancer that there is based on the bodily examination as biopsies of the affected tissue. The other type is pathologic staging, which is only possible in individual patients who have had a tumor removed surgically to determine the level of the cancer. This stage usually involves the results from the clinical staging and the surgical process. The third type is the post-therapy or Post-Neoadjuvant Therapy Staging, which is done to determine the amount of cancer that has remained in the body after the initial treatment process. The last type is r estaging, which is used to establish the level of the recurring cancer. This last type of staging helps in determining the best modality of treating recurring cancer (Johnson, Gross, 2011).Cancer Complications and Side EffectsCancer patients are at greater risk of developing complications either due to the cancer itself or due to the available treatment options. Hyponatremia is the commonest of all the complications relating to cancer. Chemotherapy, which is the most common type of cancer treatment, is considered to be among the risk factors for this complication. This is mostly caused by the syndrome of inappropriate production of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH), which may arise as a result of the ectopic creation of arginine vasopressin (AVP) by the cancerous tissue. Although hyponatremia might be caused by other chronic diseases, research shows that more than half of all the cases are caused by cancer. All the hyponatremia cases that are linked to cancer have been found to hinder t he patientÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s response to treatment as recovery. This mode of treatment deals with hyponatremia by openly obstructing the AVP biding with its receptors. Some of the drugs that are recommended for use in dealing with this condition include conivaptan, lixivaptan, and tolvaptan among others (Rubin, Williams, 2010).According to Bucholtz (2010), spinal cord compression (SCC) is also prevalent among cancer patients. It is estimated that more than 20,000 Americans suffering from cancer develop SCC each year. This number is estimated to be on the increase due to the enhanced treatment and the elongated survival in different cancers. This condition is mostly prevalent among patients with lung, breast, prostate, and kidney types of cancer. This complication is mostly brought about by the growth of metastatic tumor that has blocked the epidural space. The unhindered growth of the mass destroys the bony structure of the vertebrae and makes them feeble to the point where they collaps e. If not treated, this injury might lead to a permanent loss of neurologic function. Most clinicians today recommend the use of radiation therapy for the effective treatment of this complication. This therapy deals with the complication by reducing the volume of the lump and easing the SCC (Bucholtz, 2010).Another complication that often occurs in patients receiving cancer treatment is an anaphylactic reaction. Research has shown that close to 40% of cancer patients that are undergoing therapy are prone to an allergic reaction. Interestingly, the same drug that causes the allergic reaction is the same one that can treat the condition. Patients who react to their medication are stabilized by being taken off the drug before being reintroduced to the same drug. This means that patients should be taught on how to watch for the symptoms of drug reaction and report them to doctors for management. Another complication that occurs in a large number of patients with cancer and those undergo ing treatment is intense pain. This is usually treated by introducing pain killers alongside the cancer drugs (Rubin, Williams, 2010)....